A Great Day in Harlem: Celebrating the 60th anniversary of one of America's most iconic images

(From left) Benny Golson, Sonny Rollins, Thelonious Monk © Art Kane: Harlem 1958 – All photography courtesy of the artist and The Wall of Sound

Released this month, Art Kane: Harlem 1958 marks the 60th anniversary of one of the most celebrated images in American history. Now commonly known as A Great Day in Harlem, the famous shot of various jazz musicians gathered outside a brownstone in New York is one of the most imitated images in popular culture, by one of the world’s greatest photographers, Art Kane.

Kane pitched the idea to Esquire – invite the musicians of New York’s jazz community to come together for one photo. Esquire agreed and Kane sent requests via agents, record labels, managers, clubs, anywhere he could spread the word.

"I came up with the idea of getting as many musicians together in one place as we could," said Art Kane of the image. "It would be sort of a graduation photo or class picture of all the jazz musicians. After I thought about it some more I decided they should get together in Harlem. After all, that’s where jazz started when it came to New York."

Fifty-seven jazz musicians, from the unknown to the world famous, duly assembled at the unlikely hour of 10am at 7 East 126th Street, between Fifth and Madison Avenues. The group would include Dizzy Gillespie, Art Blakey, Thelonius Monk, Coleman Hawkins, Lester Young, Charles Mingus, Gerry Mulligan, Count Basie – whose hat was repeatedly stolen by local kids until Kane surrendered and put them in the shot, too.

"Black and white: two colours forbidden to be in close proximity, yet captured so beautifully within a single black and white frame," said Quincy Jones. "The importance of this photo transcends time and location, leaving it to become not only a symbolic piece of art but a piece of history. During a time in which segregation was very much still a part of our everyday lives, and in a world that often pointed out our differences instead of celebrating our similarities, there was something so special and pure about gathering 57 individuals together, in the name of jazz."

Esquire magazine published the photo in its January 1959 Golden Age of Jazz special issue, along with a series of Art Kane’s portraits of other jazz giants including Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, Lester Young and his famous shot of Charlie Parker's grave. These portraits are included in the book, with outtakes and other jazz-related images of gospel groups and a young Aretha Franklin, and on set photography of the film "Pete Kelley's Blues".

Published by Wall of Sound Editions, Art Kane: Harlem 1958 is a visual history of the iconic photograph including, for the first time, virtually every single frame from the historic shoot. With original text by Art Kane, forewords by Quincy Jones, the legendary Benny Golson, who appears in the photo, and an introduction by Kane's son, musician and photographer Jonathan Kane, the 168-page hardback volume is the story behind the shot.

(From left) Horace Silver, Luckey Roberts, Sahib Shihab, Eddie Locke, Jimmy Rushing (half hidden) © Art Kane: Harlem 1958

(From left) Horace Silver, Luckey Roberts, Sahib Shihab, Eddie Locke, Jimmy Rushing (half hidden) © Art Kane: Harlem 1958

Luckey Roberts, Willie "The Lion" Smith © Art Kane: Harlem 1958

Luckey Roberts, Willie "The Lion" Smith © Art Kane: Harlem 1958

Thelonious Monk. Behind him, Vic Dickenson and Lester Young © Art Kane: Harlem 1958

Thelonious Monk. Behind him, Vic Dickenson and Lester Young © Art Kane: Harlem 1958

Front row, from left: Bill Crump, Stuff Smith, Sonny Rollins, Coleman Hawkins. At their back you can spot George Wettling, Bud Freeman, Pee Wee Russell, Buster Bailey, Oscar Pettiford. Behind them, Sonny Greer, Jimmy Jones, Charles Mingus, Osie Johnson © Art Kane: Harlem 1958

Front row, from left: Bill Crump, Stuff Smith, Sonny Rollins, Coleman Hawkins. At their back you can spot George Wettling, Bud Freeman, Pee Wee Russell, Buster Bailey, Oscar Pettiford. Behind them, Sonny Greer, Jimmy Jones, Charles Mingus, Osie Johnson © Art Kane: Harlem 1958

(From left) Lester Young, Gerry Mulligan, Art Farmer, Gigi Gryce © Art Kane: Harlem 1958

(From left) Lester Young, Gerry Mulligan, Art Farmer, Gigi Gryce © Art Kane: Harlem 1958

(From left) Mary Lou Williams, Emmett Berry, Thelonious Monk. Top, Oscar Pettiford © Art Kane: Harlem 1958

(From left) Mary Lou Williams, Emmett Berry, Thelonious Monk. Top, Oscar Pettiford © Art Kane: Harlem 1958

(From left) Eddie Locke, Jay C. Higginbotham, Charles Mingus, Ernie Wilkins, Bill Crump © Art Kane: Harlem 1958

(From left) Eddie Locke, Jay C. Higginbotham, Charles Mingus, Ernie Wilkins, Bill Crump © Art Kane: Harlem 1958

© Art Kane: Harlem 1958

© Art Kane: Harlem 1958